A Brief History Of Time Vocabulary List

america

(vocab lists with america)
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Einstein was in America, and declared he would not return to Germany.

anthropic

(vocab lists with anthropic)
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One can answer this on the basis of the weak anthropic principle.

antiblue

(vocab lists with antiblue)
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Another possibility is a pair consisting of a quark and an antiquark (red + antired, or green + antigreen, or blue + antiblue = white).

antielectron

(vocab lists with antielectron)
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The most interesting of these is the prediction that protons, which make up much of the mass of ordinary matter, can spontaneously decay into lighter particles such as antielectrons.

antigravity

(vocab lists with antigravity)
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Einstein introduced a new "antigravity" force, which, unlike other forces, did not come from any particular source but was built into the very fabric of space-time.

antineutrino

(vocab lists with antineutrino)
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The neutrinos and antineutrinos, however, would not have annihilated with each other, because these particles interact with themselves and with other particles only very weakly.

antineutron

(vocab lists with antineutron)
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There are no antiprotons or antineutrons, made up from antiquarks, except for a few that physicists produce in large particle accelerators.

antired

(vocab lists with antired)
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Another possibility is a pair consisting of a quark and an antiquark (red + antired, or green + antigreen, or blue + antiblue = white).

aristotelian

(vocab lists with aristotelian)
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This annoyed the Aristotelian professors, who united against him seeking to persuade the Catholic Church to ban Copernicanism.

atomists

(vocab lists with atomists)
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However, the argument between the two schools of thought was not finally settled in favor of the atomists until the early years of this century.

austrian

(vocab lists with austrian)
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This was discovered in 1925 by an Austrian physicist, Wolfgang Pauli - for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1945.

bermuda

(vocab lists with bermuda)
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This has not been found to agree with experience, unless that turns out to be the explanation for the people who are supposed to have disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle!

british

(vocab lists with british)
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This proof of a German theory by British scientists was hailed as a great act of reconciliation between the two countries after the war.

canadian

(vocab lists with canadian)
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In 1967, however, the study of black holes was revolutionized by Werner Israel, a Canadian scientist (who was born in Berlin, brought up in South Africa, and took his doctoral degree in Ireland).

centauri

(vocab lists with centauri)
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Thus one could imagine that one could create or find a wormhole that world lead from the vicinity of the Solar System to Alpha Centauri.

comedown

(vocab lists with comedown)
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What a comedown from the great tradition of philosophy from Aristotle to Kant!

copernican

(vocab lists with copernican)
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Galileo had believed Copernican theory (that the planets orbited the sun) since early on, but it was only when he found the evidence needed to support the idea that he started to publicly support it.

copernicus

(vocab lists with copernicus)
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He wrote about Copernicus's theory in Italian (not the usual academic Latin), and soon his views became widely supported outside the universities.

cygnus

(vocab lists with cygnus)
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However, some of these systems, like the one called Cygnus X-1 (Fig.

danish

(vocab lists with danish)
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The fact that light travels at a finite, but very high, speed was first discovered in 1676 by the Danish astronomer Ole Christensen Roemer.

disklike

(vocab lists with disklike)
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Eventually, when the region got small enough, it would be spinning fast enough to balance the attraction of gravity, and in this way disklike rotating galaxies were born.

einstein

(vocab lists with einstein)
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Einstein's General Theory of Relativity seems to offer the possibility that we could create and maintain wormholes, little tubes that connect different regions of space-time.

europe

(vocab lists with europe)
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We have experimental evidence for this, not with spaceships but with elementary particles in particle accelerators like those at Fermilab or CERN (European Centre for Nuclear Research).

fitch

(vocab lists with fitch)
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However, in 1964 two more Americans, J. W. Cronin and Val Fitch, discovered that even the CP symmetry was not obeyed in the decay of certain particles called K-mesons.

galilei

(vocab lists with galilei)
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GALILEO GALILEI Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science.

galileo

(vocab lists with galileo)
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GALILEO GALILEI Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science.

graviton

(vocab lists with graviton)
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The idea was to combine the spin-2 particle called the graviton, which carries the gravitational force, with certain other particles of spin 3/2, 1, 1/2, and 0.

heterotic

(vocab lists with heterotic)
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String theories also lead to infinities, but it is thought they will all cancel out in versions like the heterotic string (though this is not yet known for certain).

hitler

(vocab lists with hitler)
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In 1933, Hitler came to power.

italian

(vocab lists with italian)
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He wrote about Copernicus's theory in Italian (not the usual academic Latin), and soon his views became widely supported outside the universities.

jewish

(vocab lists with jewish)
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Although he was Jewish by descent, Einstein rejected the biblical idea of God.

newtonian

(vocab lists with newtonian)
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However, it was inconsistent with the Newtonian theory of gravity, which said that objects attracted each other with a force that depended on the distance between them.

nondecreasing

(vocab lists with nondecreasing)
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This nondecreasing property of the event horizon's area placed an important restriction on the possible behavior of black holes.

november

(vocab lists with november)
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However, one evening in November that year, shortly after the birth of my daughter, Lucy, I started to think about black holes as I was getting into bed.

october

(vocab lists with october)
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In October 1981, I went to Moscow for a conference on quantum gravity.

piccadilly

(vocab lists with piccadilly)
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One would not specify the position of the moon in terms of miles north and miles west of Piccadilly Circus and feet above sea level.

pluto

(vocab lists with pluto)
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And to observe these few coming from the distance of Pluto would require a larger gamma ray detector than any that have been constructed so far.

proxima

(vocab lists with proxima)
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So instead we have made progress by finding partial theories that describe a limited range of happenings and by neglecting other effects or approximating them by certain numbers.

ptolemy

(vocab lists with ptolemy)
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This idea was elaborated by Ptolemy in the second century AD into a complete cosmological model.

recollapse

(vocab lists with recollapse)
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At first, I believed that disorder would decrease when the universe recollapsed.

recontract

(vocab lists with recontract)
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The thermodynamic and psychological arrows of time would not reverse when the universe begins to recontract, or inside black holes.

roemer

(vocab lists with roemer)
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The fact that light travels at a finite, but very high, speed was first discovered in 1676 by the Danish astronomer Ole Christensen Roemer.

sagan

(vocab lists with sagan)
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That was done by Carl Sagan.

saturn

(vocab lists with saturn)
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The earth stood at the center, surrounded by eight spheres that carried the moon, the sun, the stars, and the five planets known at the time, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn (Fig.

sirius

(vocab lists with sirius)
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One of the first to be discovered is a star that is orbiting around Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky.

supercool

(vocab lists with supercool)
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In the case of water, if one is careful, one can "supercool" it: that is, one can reduce the temperature below the freezing point (OoC) without ice forming.

uncanceled

(vocab lists with uncanceled)
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However, the calculations required to find out whether or not there were any infinities left uncanceled were so long and difficult that no one was prepared to undertake them.

zealander

(vocab lists with zealander)
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In 1963, Roy Kerr, a New Zealander, found a set of solutions of the equations of general relativity that described rotating black holes.

zionism

(vocab lists with zionism)
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Einstein's second great cause was Zionism.

zionist

(vocab lists with zionist)
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His vocal support of the Zionist cause, however, was duly recognized in 1952, when he was offered the presidency of Israel.