A Short History Of Nearly Everything Vocabulary List

acheulean

(vocab lists with acheulean)
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When early modern humans--the ones who would eventually become us--started to move out of Africa something over a hundred thousand years ago, Acheulean tools were the technology of choice.

appalachian

(vocab lists with appalachian)
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Some of the Shackleton Range of Antarctica, it is thought, may once have belonged to the Appalachians of the eastern U.S.

audubon

(vocab lists with audubon)
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Among the witnesses was the artist John James Audubon, who happened to be in the area.

australasian

(vocab lists with australasian)
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The Future Eaters: An Ecological History of the Australasian Lands and People .

avogadro

(vocab lists with avogadro)
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Two things were notable about Avogadro's Principle, as it became known.

betelgeuse

(vocab lists with betelgeuse)
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The nearest likely candidate he added, is Betelgeuse, whose various sputterings have for years suggested that something interestingly unstable is going on there.

bryophyta

(vocab lists with bryophyta)
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(There are also committees for Pteridophyta, Bryophyta, and Fungi, among others, all reporting to an executive called the Rapporteur-General; this is truly an institution to cherish.)

centauri

(vocab lists with centauri)
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On the same scale, Proxima Centauri, our nearest star, would be almost ten thousand miles away.

cepheus

(vocab lists with cepheus)
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She noticed that a type of star known as a Cepheid variable (after the constellation Cepheus, where it first was identified) pulsated with a regular rhythm--a kind of stellar heartbeat.

cheirotherium

(vocab lists with cheirotherium)
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Once Mrs. Buckland found herself being shaken awake in the middle of the night, her husband crying in excitement: "My dear, I believe that Cheirotherium 's footsteps are undoubtedly testudinal."

chesapeake

(vocab lists with chesapeake)
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Other craters are larger--notably, Chesapeake Bay, which was recognized as an impact site in 1994--but they are either offshore or deformed.)

copernicus

(vocab lists with copernicus)
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New York: Copernicus, 1999.

croatian

(vocab lists with croatian)
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Three years later a Croatian seismologist named Andrija Mohorovi i'c was studying graphs from an earthquake in Zagreb when he noticed a similar odd deflection, but at a shallower level.

daltonism

(vocab lists with daltonism)
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Color blindness, a condition from which he suffered, was for a long time called Daltonism because of his studies.

devonshire

(vocab lists with devonshire)
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Born into a life of sumptuous privilege--his grandfathers were dukes, respectively, of Devonshire and Kent--he was the most gifted English scientist of his age, but also the strangest.

dimetrodon

(vocab lists with dimetrodon)
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The best-known animal of this age was the Dimetrodon, a sail-backed creature that is commonly confused with dinosaurs (including, I note, in a picture caption in the Carl Sagan book Comet ).

eiffel

(vocab lists with eiffel)
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CERN boasts a string of magnets that weigh more than the Eiffel Tower and an underground tunnel over sixteen miles around.

eurasia

(vocab lists with eurasia)
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It has been suggested, however, that if you hauled North America, Eurasia, and Greenland just three hundred miles north we would have permanent and inescapable ice ages.

frayn

(vocab lists with frayn)
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Frayn, Michael.

genghis

(vocab lists with genghis)
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A billion more each came from Buddha and Genghis Khan and Beethoven, and any other historical figure you care to name.

hoyle

(vocab lists with hoyle)
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He was a Yorkshireman named Fred Hoyle.

hunterian

(vocab lists with hunterian)
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His deformed spine was removed and sent to the Royal College of Surgeons where--and now here's an irony for you--it was placed in the care of Richard Owen, director of the college's Hunterian Museum.

iowan

(vocab lists with iowan)
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However, most people, including most Iowans, have never heard of the Manson crater.

javan

(vocab lists with javan)
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In addition, the Javan dates could be wrong altogether.

jenkin

(vocab lists with jenkin)
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A Scottish engineer, Fleeming Jenkin, considered the problem and noted an important flaw in Darwin's argument.

kensington

(vocab lists with kensington)
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The grand and beloved Gothic heap in South Kensington, opened in 1880, is almost entirely a testament to his vision.

kenyan

(vocab lists with kenyan)
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barks Koen Maes, Belgian-born head of invertebrates at the Kenyan National Museum in Nairobi, whom I met briefly on a visit to the country in the autumn of 2002.

kitman

(vocab lists with kitman)
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According to Jamie Lincoln Kitman, writing in The Nation in 2000, Ethyl executives allegedly offered to endow a chair at Caltech "if Patterson was sent packing."

koppen

(vocab lists with koppen)
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It was a Russian-German meteorologist, Wladimir Koppen--father-in-law of our tectonic friend Alfred Wegener--who saw that the process was more subtle, and rather more unnerving, than that.

linnaean

(vocab lists with linnaean)
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The Linnaean system is so well established that we can hardly imagine an alternative, but before Linnaeus, systems of classification were often highly whimsical.

magellan

(vocab lists with magellan)
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He likens the situation to when explorers like Cook or Magellan encountered remote peoples for the first time.

palaeogene

(vocab lists with palaeogene)
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In some books, too, you will find the tertiary and quaternary taken out and replaced by periods of different lengths called the Palaeogene and Neogene.

paleobiologist

(vocab lists with paleobiologist)
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"Evolution may abhor a vacuum," wrote the paleobiologist Steven M. Stanley, "but it often takes a long time to fill it."

parthian

(vocab lists with parthian)
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Nature , "Owen's Parthian Shot," July 12, 2001, p. 123.

phanerozoic

(vocab lists with phanerozoic)
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Sometimes too you will see the term Phanerozoic used to describe the span encompassing the Cenozoic, Mesozoic, and Paleozoic eras.

pimlico

(vocab lists with pimlico)
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London: Pimlico, 1994.

pompeii

(vocab lists with pompeii)
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"The article called the site a 'Pompeii of prehistoric animals,' " he told me, "which was unfortunate because just afterward we realized that the animals hadn't died suddenly at all.

protomammal

(vocab lists with protomammal)
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Happily, that was the stream we belonged to, and it evolved into a family of protomammals known as therapsids.

rhodesian

(vocab lists with rhodesian)
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In it you can find such comments as "Rhodesian man ... lived as recently as 25,000 years ago and may have been an ancestor of the African Negroes.

scandinavia

(vocab lists with scandinavia)
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How did identical snails turn up in Scandinavia and New England?

siberia

(vocab lists with siberia)
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In 1996, scientists at the Russian Academy of Science claimed to have revived bacteria frozen in Siberian permafrost for three million years.

silures

(vocab lists with silures)
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Cambrian comes from the Roman name for Wales, while Ordovician and Silurian recall ancient Welsh tribes, the Ordovices and Silures.

sinanthropus

(vocab lists with sinanthropus)
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"announced the discovery of Sinanthropus pekinensis .

sumatra

(vocab lists with sumatra)
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Their instructions were to travel to Sumatra and chart the transit there, but after just one night at sea their ship was attacked by a French frigate.

tasmanian

(vocab lists with tasmanian)
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Go to the Tasmanian Museum today and ask to see the last of this species--the only large carnivorous marsupial to live into modern times--and all they can show you are photographs.

testudinal

(vocab lists with testudinal)
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Once Mrs. Buckland found herself being shaken awake in the middle of the night, her husband crying in excitement: "My dear, I believe that Cheirotherium 's footsteps are undoubtedly testudinal."

thiobacillus

(vocab lists with thiobacillus)
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Scientists in Australia found microbes known as Thiobacillus concretivorans that lived in--indeed, could not live without--concentrations of sulfuric acid strong enough to dissolve metal.

toothier

(vocab lists with toothier)
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Nearly every large animal you can care to name is stronger, faster, and toothier than us.

unrobust

(vocab lists with unrobust)
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At an elemental level gravity is extraordinarily unrobust.

zurich

(vocab lists with zurich)
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In 1896 he gave up his German citizenship to avoid military conscription and entered the Zurich Polytechnic Institute on a four-year course designed to churn out high school science teachers.